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Joint Management Body, Management Corporation, and Sub-MC: Their roles and duties in strata developments


You’re probably aware of JMB, MC, and Sub-MC if you live in strata units such as condominiums, apartments, and gated-and-guarded (G&G) communities. But do you know what is the meaning of JMB and MC, and what they do?

What JMB, MC, and Sub-MC do

Due to high costs and scarcity of land in urban areas, one particular type of property has experienced a surge in popularity during the past few years – strata. Interestingly, around 30% of the nation’s populace live in strata-title properties.

A strata property is defined as a development or scheme where the building or land is carved out into different lots known as ‘parcels’. High-rise residences such as flats, apartments, condominiums, and townhouses are typical strata properties. However, landed homes in Gated and Guarded (G&G) communities are also included in this category. An example of the latter is Desa Park City in Kepong.

In these development areas, notices are often placed in common areas like the main notice board, lifts, and mailboxes to keep residents updated on issues such as scheduled water cuts, lift maintenance or mosquito fogging.

The notices usually come from statutory bodies such as the Joint Management Body (JMB), Management Corporation (MC), or Joint Management Corporation (JMC) which is otherwise also known as the joint management committee. While most residents are aware of these bodies, there is still a lack of clarity on who does what.

What is JMB?

The JMB is an interim body that is set up to run and maintain a strata property beginning from the completion of the development until the issuance of strata title by the land office. Established under section 17 of the SMA, the JMB comprises the developer and the strata owners/purchasers. JMB committee members work together to ensure proper documentation, payment schedules, accounting, and the upkeep of the property. The first Annual General Meeting (AGM) of the JMB must be convened within 12 months from the date of delivery of the vacant possession of the developer. The JMB will continue to exist and perform its duties until it’s dissolved. Once the JMB is dissolved, the MC or JMC takes over its role.

Who appoints the JMB?

The JMB is formed once the developer calls for an annual general meeting (AGM). The JMB committee members should consist of 3 to not more than 14 parcel owners, including one representative from the developer who is elected during the AGM.

What are the duties of JMB?

what is jmb
©Sino Images/ gettyimages

 The JMB has the responsibility to perform the following:

  •  Maintain & manage the common property
  • Determine and impose charges in the maintenance fee for maintenance works
  • Determine and impose the contribution to the sinking fund
  • Effect insurance according to the SMA or to insure against such other risks
  • Comply with any notice or order given or made by the local authority or any competent public authority in respect of the common property
  • Prepare and maintain a register of all parcel owners of the building or land intended for subdivision into parcels
  • Ensure that the accounts required to be maintained by the JMB under the SMA are audited
  • Enforce the bylaws; and
  • Do such other things as may be expedient or necessary for the proper maintenance and management of the buildings or land intended for subdivision into parcels and the common property.
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What does the JMB do?

 The JMB is empowered under the Strata Management Act (SMA) for the following:

  •  Collect maintenance fees from parcel owners
  • Collect the contribution to the sinking fund from the parcel owners
  • Authorise expenditure for carrying out the maintenance and management works
  • Recover monies due from any parcel owners
  • Acquire property for use by the parcel owners in connection with the common property
  • Employ or arrange and secure the services of any person or agent to undertake the maintenance and management of the common property
  • Make additional bylaws for the proper maintenance and management of the common property
  • Do all things reasonably necessary for the performance of its duties under the SMA and the enforcement of the by-laws.

Can JMB committee members resign?

The short answer is: yes. As being a member of the JMB is a voluntary job, members are free to resign at any time. Oftentimes, JMBs have protocols in place for members who wish to resign from the committee and tender their resignations according to procedures that will help members stay on good terms with their neighbours.

 Can we sue JMB?

what is strata management act (SMA) 2013
© Wavebreak Media Ltd / 123RF

The answer is YES as it is your right as a unit owner or homeowner to do so. Section 17 (3) of the Strata Management Act (SMA) and section 39 (3) of the Strata Titles Act specifically states that the JMB and MC can sue and be sued in their name.

What is MC? 

The consists of unit owners who are voted in by other residents who attend the AGM of a strata development. It is sometimes referred to as the Joint Management Corporation (JMC) and serves to represent all strata unit owners and decide how to best manage the strata development. The main difference between a JMB and an MC is the former is an interim body that exists before the issuance of strata title by the land office.

An MC is established upon the opening of a strata register book after the strata titles are issued. However, an MC does not function until the first AGM of the MC is convened and the management committee is elected. The JMB is automatically dissolved within three months from the date of the first AGM of the MC.

➡️ Strata Management Tribunal (SMT): How to make a claim?
➡️ Is your strata property being managed by the right JMB or MC?

Who appoints the MC?

The appointment of the MC members is similar to that of electing the JMB members. Selection of the members is done during the annual general meeting (AGM), where the members are elected. The committee should consist of no less than 3 parcel owners, and not more than 14.  

Can MC resign?

As being an MC member is voluntary and without pay, members are free to resign at any time. Many bodies do however have professional procedures in place, which members who wish to resign are encouraged to follow. This is mainly for the benefit of the resigning member to maintain good relations with their neighbours in the future.

What is the difference between JMB and MC?

What is the difference between JMB and MC
© kzenon/ 123RF

Once it is established, the MC takes over the responsibilities of the JMB in running and maintaining the property. However, since the JMB is an interim body, it does not have all the powers entrusted to an MC according to the SMA.

Among the differences in power include

Limitation on entering into contracts

Section 21(3) of the SMA states that a JMB shall not enter into any contract relating to the maintenance and management of any building intended for the subdivision of parcels and common property in the development area for any period exceeding 12 months. This restriction is not imposed on an MC as it must engage its service providers every year.

Borrow money

The MC is allowed to borrow money in the exercise of its powers or the performance of its duties. The JMB, however, is not allowed to do so

Offer security

Under the SMA, only an MC is allowed to secure the repayment of money borrowed and the payment of interest thereon by a negotiable instrument or by a charge of unpaid charges to the maintenance account (whether already imposed or not), or by a charge of any property vested in it or by a combination of any of those means.

Acquisition of additional land

Because the JMB is not the lawful proprietor of the lot, it cannot acquire land to be used for purposes with regard to the stratified development area. The MC, on the other hand, can do so because it is the lawful proprietor. Additionally, the MC can also accept the burden or benefit of easement imposed with regard to its lot.

As can be seen above, there are differences between JMBs and MCs. JMBs do not have all the powers of an MC according to the SMA. Below is a table that summarises the differences between a JMB and MC for your clearer understanding.

An interim body set up before the issuance of strata titleThe body set up after the issuance of strata title
Cannot enter into any contract relating to maintenance and management exceeding 12 monthsAllowed to enter into a contract relating to maintenance and management exceeding 12 months
JMBs are not allowed to borrow moneyMCs can borrow money to exercise its powers or perform their duties
JMBs cannot secure repayments or interestAn MC can secure repayments on money borrowed and its interest
Not allowed to purchase additional landMCs can acquire land for stratified development

READ: What is the Commissioner of Buildings (COB)?

What are JMB and JMC?

Every JMB will have a JMC. The JMC will be elected by JMB. Generally, the JMC consists of not less than three and not more than 14 members. This is determined by the JMB in a general meeting. The Second Schedule of the SMA states the provisions for the JMB, which governs the constitution, quorum, meetings, and proceedings of the JMC. This committee will perform the JMB’s duties and businesses. For that purpose, they are exercising any of the powers of JMB.

What is Sub-MC?

what is sub-mc
© Yuttana Jaowattana/ 123RF

A Sub-MC is required if the development is too large and difficult to be managed by a single committee. It allows the creation of Limited Common Property (LCP) where only certain proprietors have exclusive usage towards it. This concept is particularly useful in mixed developments of strata buildings for residential, commercial, and retail uses. Residents can only form a Sub-MC if the main MC is already in existence. The Sub-MC is run independently from the MC but requires one member of the MC needs to participate in the running of the Sub-MC.

Disclaimer: The information is provided for general information only. Malaysia Sdn Bhd makes no representations or warranties in relation to the information, including but not limited to any representation or warranty as to the fitness for any particular purpose of the information to the fullest extent permitted by law. While every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided in this article is accurate, reliable, and complete as of the time of writing, the information provided in this article should not be relied upon to make any financial, investment, real estate or legal decisions. Additionally, the information should not substitute advice from a trained professional who can take into account your personal facts and circumstances, and we accept no liability if you use the information to form decisions.

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Frequently Asked Questions About JMB, MC, and Sub-MC in Malaysia

If the JMB fails to meet its duties adequately, the Commissioner of Buildings (COB) can appoint a management agent for building upkeep and management.
Yes, you are. However, you cannot become a committee member since you are not the strata owner.
No, they are not authorised to do that.