With any renovation decisions, it is best to understand and comprehend what are your requirements so you can focus on what you want and need, as opposed to what someone wants to sell to you. Different window types offer different experience and ventilation and they are important in your resident’s aesthetic appearance. Different styles may also come with different pricing, considering the design, functionality and performance.
TYPES OF WINDOWS
Double hung / single hung
A traditional style where two sashes installed in a common frame slide vertically up or down. A single hung style where only the lower panel slides up while the top panel is fixed into position and does not move. The double hung style allows either top or bottom panel to slide up or down.
The window panel is hinged to open outward from the side like a door, usually with a crank handle and secured by locks mounted on the side post.
The awning is similar to the casement but hinged to open out from the bottom.
The sliding window is similar to a hung window, but the panels can slide horizontally left or right.
A picture window is stationary and does not open. They are usually larger than operating windows and may or may not include a sash. Picture windows without a sash are often called “direct-set” as the glass is set directly into the frame.
TYPES OF GLASS
Consists of two panes of glass separated by a spacer material and sealed together at the edge, insulating glass units or IGUs are designed to keep homes warmer in colder environments and cooler in warmer weather.
Heat strengthened safety glass for applications where potential glass breakage of regular glass could cause personal injury. Tempered glass is stronger than regular annealed glass, but it can still break. However unlike annealed glass, tempered glass will shatter into smaller less harmful pebble size pieces should it collapse.
Two layers of glass with an interlayer of PVB (polyvinyl butyral) fit in between. If laminated glass breaks, the vinyl interlayer remains intact and the glass fragments adhere to it. The interlayer prevents objects from passing through just like typical windshield glass in an automobile. Laminated glass has the added benefit of providing excellent sound dampening in high noise areas.