Did you know that property sellers in America and Hong Kong must disclose to potential buyers if their houses are haunted? Unfortunately, we do not have a similar practise in Malaysia. Read on to find out what your rights are as an aggrieved home buyer who’s dealing with a scary ghost.
Congratulations, you have just bought your first house! Sure, it is a little run down because it’s a subsale property – the lights turn on by themselves every now and then (must be faulty wiring) and there is a cold chill every time you walk into the dining room (lower air conditioning bill!). It is okay because the house is in a great location and it was within your budget.
As you are about to fall asleep in your cosy new bed, you sense a tap on your shoulder, so you automatically turn around only to realize…You’re living alone. At this point, everything starts falling into place. It’s not faulty wiring or excellent ventilation – your house is haunted.
Immediately, you start considering your options – should you sell the house at a loss? Attempt to exorcise the house of its spiritual tenants? Or try to sue the property seller who did not disclose that the house is haunted?
Obviously, this is easier said than done because you are left with two almost impossible things to prove to a judge:
- That ghosts exist
- That scary ghosts exist in YOUR house
Now, there are only a handful of properties in Malaysia that are widely known to be haunted and where supernatural activities have been observed such as Mona Fendi’s bungalow in Seksyen 12, Shah Alam and the 99 door mansion in Nibong Tebal, Penang. These abandoned houses are also known as a stigmatised property, which is defined as a property that has been psychologically impacted by an event that occurred (or suspected) such as murder, suicide or belief that the property is haunted.
In the spirit of Malaysia Boleh, let’s see if there’s any way you can take a haunted house case to a Malaysian court:
Are there any related laws to govern haunted properties?
If you do a search on this, you are likely to find the case of Stambovsky v. Ackley aka the Ghostbusters Ruling, where someone had managed to successfully sue on the basis of buying a haunted house. However, this is also an American case and, except in very exceptional circumstances, cannot be applied to Malaysian law.
Interestingly enough, some states in America also have certain laws in place that require sellers to reveal that their properties are haunted (or “emotionally defected”). Unfortunately, this is also not applicable in Malaysian law.
As you might know, there are many common links between Malaysian law and those in the UK and India, which is why Malaysian judges may use UK or Indian cases as a point of reference in court. However, there haven’t been any cases from these countries where a homeowner successfully sued on the basis that he was sold a haunted house.
So, just to give us a ghost of a chance of arguing this out, we looked into the American cases to see what basis of law they argued on, and how that may apply to us here in Malaysia. This pointed us to two laws:
Breach of contract or SPA
This is where you argue that the seller breached the sales and purchase agreement (SPA) for the house. Usually, such an agreement will state that the house will be given to the buyer in good condition. So if there are physical defects such as cracks, water leaks and faulty fixtures – you probably can get compensation from the previous owner (seller).
However, unless you somehow convince the seller to include it in the SPA, chances are pretty high that your agreement won’t mention that the house will be scary, ghost-free. Thus, even if you manage to prove a haunting it wouldn’t be a breach of contract.
In other words, don’t get your hopes up looking for compensation because a poltergeist playing with your light switches wasn’t part of the contract. In effect, your chances are higher if you argue based on misrepresentation.Check out properties for sale
Misrepresentation from the property seller
While it is hard to prove a haunted house, it’s a somewhat smaller stretch to prove that a house has an “unclean” history.
Misrepresentation occurs when someone tells you an untrue fact and it induces you to enter into the contract or SPA with them, covered under Section 18 of the Contracts Act. Malaysian law places a responsibility on sellers to disclose the correct facts about the house to buyers because telling incorrect facts can result in a lawsuit.
That means that while a seller can say “no” when you ask if a house is haunted, it’s different if you ask if someone was murdered in the house, or if anyone had died in it. So if you bought a house and came across a newspaper report that an entire family was massacred there, chances are you might be able to sue the seller for misrepresentation (assuming you asked about people dying there in the first place).
However, the extent of legal responsibility also depends on one crucial thing – who is making the statements to you. This is because the law is easier on a private owner selling a house, and stricter on real estate agents.
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Why is the law more lenient for property sellers?
Essentially, an owner/seller doesn’t have a duty to tell you everything about the house. This is based on an established legal principle called caveat emptor which translates to Let the Buyer Beware. The implication of this principle is that it’s up to you, the buyer, to protect yourself from risks.
In the case of Sykes v Taylor-Rose (2004), the house seller didn’t tell the buyer that the house was previously the scene of a gruesome murder. When the new owner sued him, the court agreed that the seller had the right to withhold that information, because it is the duty of the buyer to ask questions and not for the seller to tell the buyer everything.
In other words, if you don’t ask the uncomfortable questions, you have no one to blame but yourself when the walls start dripping blood.
However, this may be different when dealing with professionals.
Real estate agents or “Property Agents”, as they are more commonly called in Malaysia – are licensed and trained to sell or rent out houses on behalf of the owners. Because of their extra knowledge, they are considered professionals and the law places a greater responsibility as compared to an individual property owner who puts his house up for sale on a property platform like iProperty.com.my
Therefore, real estate agents must disclose certain facts, and they can’t stay silent about it.Discover properties for sale
There’s actually a Malaysian case that involved misrepresentation by a real estate agent, although unrelated to the paranormal. In the case of Nepline Sdn Bhd v Jones Lang Wotton (1995), a company (Nepline) rented a property through a property agent (Jones). However, Jones failed to tell Nepline that the house they rented was about to be sold by a bank because the owner didn’t pay his bank loans.
So Nepline sued Jones for not telling them that crucial bit of information before they signed the contract. Here, the court stated there was a difference between a professional and a layman (or friends) giving advice. As a professional property agent, Jones was bound to disclose important facts to Nepline and not stay silent about it. Here’s what the court said:
Hence, to sum it up, while a private homeowner isn’t required to tell you certain facts about the house, a professional realtor would be.
It is not easy to prove a house is haunted
As mentioned, the points in this article are as hypothetical as the existence of the Babadook. Even if the points above give you the legal ground to start a lawsuit, it’s again going to be difficult to provide evidence of a haunting unless you somehow convince the supernatural entity in your house to testify as a witness in court. By which time, you may as well ask it to pay rent.
So to avoid buying a haunted house in the first place, it might be better for you to do some research and ask not just the seller/agent/real estate agent about the history of the house; but the neighbours as well. There is a chance they may know valuable information and might be more willing to talk about it too.
In other words, it may be best to avoid putting yourself in this scenario in the first place regardless of the laws that are in place. After all, having certain rights doesn’t mean you need to exercise them.
If you enjoyed this guide, read this next: 13 most haunted places in Malaysia that will give you the creeps.
*This article was originally published as If you bought a haunted house in Malaysia, do you call the Ghostbusters… or a lawyer?, by Asklegal.my. and is written by Arjun.